Hardwood flooring samples in White Bear LakeDo you know about the Janka hardness scale? You will likely hear the term if you happen to be shopping for hardwood floors. It’s a way of comparing the hardness of different wood species, particularly those used in flooring. If you are looking for hardwood floors for your White Bear Lake home, you’ll want to be familiar with the Janka scale so that you can make an educated decision. Fortunately, our experts at Floor Coverings International White Bear Lake have put together this guide to help you understand the Janka hardness scale.

What is the Janka Scale?

The Janka scale is a number rating system that compares the hardness of different wood species. On this scale, the higher the rating, the tougher the wood. Each rating is determined by calculating the force required to embed a .444 inch steel half its diameter deep into a piece of wood. This test is meant to show how well a particular wood species can withstand scratching, denting, and heavy foot traffic.

The Janka scale is used across the flooring industry as a standard for measuring and comparing the hardness of different wood materials. Hardwood flooring is generally very durable and long-lasting, and it can be refinished as necessary to make it look new again. However, different species can vary considerably in their resistance to wear and tear, so be sure to consider Janka ratings along with other factors like plank construction and finish when comparing the durability of different flooring options.

Some Common Janka Ratings

Nearly every wood species that is used in flooring has been rated on the Janka scale. Here is a selection of ratings of the more common species:

American cherry – 950

American walnut – 1010

Teak – 1155

Northern red oak – 1290

White oak – 1360

Natural bamboo – 1380

Hard/sugar maple – 1450

Hickory – 1820

Brazilian cherry – 2350

For more comparisons of hardwood flooring, talk to our experts at Floor Coverings International White Bear Lake. We’ll help you choose the right hardwood floor for your White Bear Lake home!

Photo Credit: Kunal Mehta